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life sciences dictionary

 
 
 
sialome all proteins expressed in the salivary glands
sonogenetics technique to activate select neurons with ultrasound waves
splicing procedure by which introns are cut out of mRNA molecules to join the residual exons to form a continuous coding sequence of RNA
stem cells undifferentiated progenitor cells with the unique potential to divide for indefinite periods (in culture) and to produce any kind of cell in the body

adult or somatic stem cells
undifferentiated cells in differentiated tissues with the limited potential to differentiate into specialized cell types of the tissue from which they originated:

  • hematopoietic stem cell
  • neural stem cells
embryonic stem cells
undifferentiated cells from early embryos that can replicate indefinitely and differentiate into nearly all cell types of the body
induced pluripotent stem cells
type of pluripotent stem cell artificially derived from a non-pluripotent cell
systems biology

Cross-disciplinary (wholistic) approach to understand biological systems on the whole by combining systems sciences, information sciences and life sciences.

 

 

   
   
 
   
 

 

 

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